Sometimes manual testing doesn’t consider the entire range of possible aspects of the product. If you are concerned regarding the overall quality of your application, the efficiency of your team, and the speed of release, you must switch to automated tests. This article will discover the purpose of test automation and what it can solve, and the best way to apply test automation to your project. Go!
Testing Automation Definition and the criteria
Test automation is the management and tracking of the various tests. Test automation helps run tests in a controlled manner by managing test data. The process of verification for applications is automated.
Automation of tests aims to ensure that the product or components conform to the predefined quality standards regarding code design, functionality, and interaction with the user.
Why testing automation is so important
- It reduces time. Manual testing of every function, every field, and adverse scenario can be costly and time-consuming.
- It lets us test the complexity of applications. Manual testing isn’t suitable for multilingual websites.
- Software testing automation doesn’t require human intervention.
- It speeds up testing, reports, and analytics.
- Automation can help increase the coverage of tests.
If a business requires automated testing
Automation is the most efficient method to accomplish something. If you can simplify the task, you will be able to accomplish it more quickly. You’ve probably guessed that AI robots can perform various tasks faster than humans.
But in terms of quality testing, it’s not always the most effective way to produce a top-quality product. However, testing automation can be an excellent test tool. Let’s determine what a business must do to introduce automation.
- If the cost is justified. Test automation tools aren’t expensive, so it is essential to justify their use. In general, testing automation isn’t a good idea for small projects. However, for more complex and lengthy projects, testing automation can help you save time, energy, and cash.
- Suppose you are using repetitive tests. If you’re repeating the same test repeatedly without making any changes, it’s probably sensible to automate the procedure.
- When automation saves time, test automation is always time-consuming. Automation of tests frees the time of developers and the QA team.
- The quality of the product will be enhanced in a significant way. Automation eliminates the chance of human mistakes. In certain situations, the quality of work can be substantially improved by using automated tools.
- When you must perform multiple tests simultaneously, manual tests that are the same simultaneously aren’t easy. Automation can do this extremely quickly.
Criteria for Automation
Not all tests require automation. In the first place, tests should conform to specific requirements. In other words, automation could cost more as compared to manual tests. However, one of the significant advantages of automation is workforce, money, and time savings.
Here are the fundamental criteria in determining test cases to be used to automate:
Repeatability. There is no need to automate a test that is only run once.
Testing cases’ features. First, you must know whether the test case already provides specific outcomes or if the function is brand not yet available and is faulty. Then, it would help if you determined the level of complexity of the functions, and the more complicated it is, the more likely you are to automatize the process to reduce human mistakes.
Time to execute and the frequency of testing for testing cases. If these components are essential, you must automate the test cases.
The degree of implementation by the user. The higher this threshold, the less likely this test can be automated.
The disadvantages of automation do not outweigh the benefit. The value here includes time and energy savings and access to detailed analytics and reporting. Some disadvantages include the cost of implementation as well as maintenance costs.
Test automation benefits
Test automation increases testing quality and helps you to build more efficient products. These are the most significant benefits of using test automation.
Time-saving and speedy publication. The team can spend less time testing new features thanks to testing automation, and the product is released to the market much earlier. Automation allows you to quickly transmit test results, specifically bugs that are discovered, to other departments and the owner of the product. They can then identify the root cause and, as a result, fix the issues quickly. Additionally, employees from various departments will be able to review the logs generated by the automated test and, when needed, fix the bugs discovered.
QA engineers can dedicate their time that requires their participation in the intellectual process. They will, for instance, be able to spend more time composing new test scenarios and analyzing the outcomes that automated test results provide, and executing tests that aren’t automated.
The deep insights. Automated testing gives better insights than manual testing if the tests do not pass. Automated software testing offers insight into the software and gives various evidence. For instance, the Zebrunner Testing Platform offers videos, screenshot logs, and other artifacts that allow you to see what caused the test to fail instantly. Failed. Artifacts can also be added to Jira and other teamwork tools to ensure that bugs can be fixed more quickly.
Reduced cost. It comes from cutting down on the costs of manual testing. Test automation isn’t inexpensive. However, manual testing can be costlier over the long term. Paul Grossman, a senior staff consultant at Technisource, the IT staffing division of Spherion, one of North America’s most prominent independent IT staffing companies and solutions and administration services, shows automation has decreased costs per test by the $78 mark to $17.54.
More rapid feedback. Test automation lets you test quickly and obtain exact results in a short time. This meets the demands of agile teams for quick, complete, thorough, and precise feedback.
Automation of tests is beneficial because it lets you detect bugs and failures early, which, in turn, increases your team’s efficiency.
The most comprehensive test coverage. Manual testing limits the number of tests you can run. Automated testing allows you to write new tests and then add tests to an automation test suite. This will increase the coverage of tests of your product, meaning that you can improve the functionality of your product which can improve the quality of your product overall. Additionally, automation lets you write and execute the most thorough tests that test the most complicated scenarios for your product.
You are utilizing the test suite. Creating an automated test suite isn’t easy. Once you have built the test framework, you can reuse tests to test other scenarios or even for other projects.
Accuracy. Even the most experienced testers make mistakes when performing manual testing. Automation lets you run tests with 100 percent precision.
Functionality. A good example is the ability to test thousands of virtual user interactions using your application to determine what happens in each situation. This is not possible through manual testing.
How do you integrate test automation into your project?
When you are beginning the process of transitioning to automated testing, Keep the following in your mind:
- Don’t attempt to automatize all testing. There aren’t any tests that can be automated.
- Set realistic goals. Start by automating several tests. Write test cases of a small size that are easily reused for future tests using similar software. The test cases are mapped to the proper features for test coverage.
- Find new application areas that require automation. Be sure that the business needs are considered along with technical aspects.
- Be aware of your budget. Open free software such as Appium (for mobile applications) and Selenium (for web-based applications).
Starts the automated testing process
Step 1. Choose a tool for testing. The tool is primarily based on the technology your application relies on.
Step 2. Determine the scope of automation. The definition of automation covers the component of your program that will be automatized. These points will help you determine the amount:
- essential for businesses;
- scenarios that contain a significant amount of information;
- general application functions;
- the degree of reuse of business components
- the complexity of test cases
- Capability to use the same test case for testing across browsers.
Step 3. Plan, design, and develop. In this step, you design an automated strategy as well as a plan, which includes the following information:
- The choice of tools for automation;
- Framework design and functional design;
- Inbound and Outbound Automations;
- Automatization of testbeds;
- Schedule and Timeline of Scripting and Execution;
- Test automation results.
Step 4. Run tests. In this phase, automated scripts are run.
Step 5. Maintenance. When a new feature is introduced, it is essential to test the properness of its operation and the overall operation of the application.
How do you determine the value of automated testing
You must know what problems you’re trying to solve with automated testing. For many teams, the primary issue is time-consuming and resource-intensive manual testing. This is especially true of routine tests. The QA team is spending a lot of time working on the tests, but that time could be better used for more productive tasks.
Additionally, the monotonous, repetitive, tedious tasks likelihood testers will miss a critical flaw. This can, in turn, affect its quality which can impact revenues in the long term.
In addition, repetitive tests will slow down the launch of the product and the time to release new versions to it. This is also a sign that the marketability of the product is diminished.
If you’ve identified issues that test automation can help, you must identify the ideal state of your project and how test automation can aid in reaching it.
The desired state could consist of any of the following elements:
- frequent release of new releases;
- quicker lead time;
- improved product quality;
- reducing product defects;
- Quick fixes for bugs that are emerging;
- more excellent test coverage with no the need for additional resources;
- employee satisfaction;
- Customer satisfaction with the products.
Here are a few indicators to aid you in determining whether your company has succeeded in achieving the goals above:
- The testers’ time was saved;
- Corrected bugs
- Release frequency;
- time to finish the task;
- Scores of satisfaction for employees and customers.
Testing automation can dramatically enhance the quality of work done on products. The critical thing here is understanding the importance of automation and making a gradual and effective shift to the company in question.