The current current can be relatively narrow, perhaps only 10 m wide, but too fast to swim. The way to escape is to swim of the Lifeguard certification near me parallel to the shore until you get out of the current and then swim back.
Currents in rivers are often easier to spot , but can also be troublesome to the unwary.
For example, a strong current can push you away from your entry and exit point, and very strong currents can push you into obstacles like overhanging branches or rocks.
Note that the current will flow upstream at times in the tidal sections of rivers and estuaries. If a river is dammed upstream, it may be subject to sudden changes in flow rate if water is released.
The key message here is to pay attention, observe the situation, take advice from local swimmers and plan accordingly. With good planning, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t take advantage of the tides and currents to add a new dimension to your swim.
Cuts, bruises and breaks
This risk is increased when walking in or out of the water, or if you jump or dive without checking the depth. Sharp stones or broken glass are common hazards.
For this you should always use booties . Pay attention where you put your feet and always look before you jump. Watch out for the waves crashing on the rocks.
The cramp occurs when your muscles go into spasm. It can be very painful and disabling. Some people are more prone to it than others, and it seems to be more likely if your muscles are tired, for example if you’ve been running before swimming.
Minimize your risk by learning what triggers your cramps (for example, electrolyte imbalances, sudden changes in rhythm, butterfly swimming). Always swim with other people, so if you are unlucky enough to have a cramp, they can help you. Consider the option of using a buoy or float to rest in an emergency.
Being swept away by weeds is a common fear for beginners, but it is extremely unlikely. However, seaweed and other plants can impede your swimming and possibly induce panic , which can lead to drowning.
Keep calm. The algae are not trying to pull you down. In most cases, it can be gently removed. In general, it is preferable to swim in deeper water where there is less risk of coming into contact with algae.
Get stuck in the water
It is not uncommon for people to start swimming and then realize that they cannot get out, for example if they have swum from one place to another without checking their exit point. Always plan your exit before entering the water. Be aware of local conditions and how tides and changes in water level may affect your exit from the water.
This disease is very unlikely but it is worth knowing about it. Weil’s disease is the name given to a severe case of leptospirosis, a bacterial infection (caused by bacteria called leptospiral) that is spread by animals and can affect people.
It is particularly associated with rats, but has also been known to be carried by cattle, pigs, foxes, badgers and dogs. It can be spread through contact with soil or water that has been contaminated by the urine of affected animals. That means swimmers are at risk.
There is no reason why people should not participate in freshwater activities such as swimming, sailing, water skiing or windsurfing, but we recommend that people take simple precautions to reduce the risk of infection before engaging in these leisure activities.
Practical steps swimmers can take include minimizing water intake , showering immediately after swimming, and washing hands before eating.
Other waterborne diseases
Every time we get in the water, we run the risk of contracting a parasitic, viral or bacterial infection that commonly causes vomiting and diarrhea . These are generally mild and limited. In the sea, swim at beaches that meet bathing water standards.
In inland waters, you have to rely more on your own judgment and the experience of other swimmers. Avoid swimming in rivers after heavy rains that could wash pollutants or sewage into the water.
Collision / being about to run out
Swimmers are difficult to spot in the water, especially in dim light and in black suits. Rowers, kayakers, motorcyclists, and boat pilots often do not expect to encounter swimmers and may not be particularly aware of them.
A collision will surely be worse for the swimmer. You must be very alert. You should swim where there is less traffic. Wear a swim cap in a bright or fluorescent color. Carry a buoy and a tow float at all times. It is recommended to always swim alongside a kayaker displaying an alpha flag .
Beautiful sea creatures that can give you a nasty sting. Usually painful rather than dangerous, but multiple stings can be debilitating
and some people have allergic reactions.
Some sun creams include an anti-jellyfish ingredient, but we haven’t tested it, so we can’t guarantee its effectiveness. The initial pain usually subsides after a few minutes if you continue swimming. Seek medical help if you feel any difficulty breathing .
Beautiful, intelligent, endangered, deadly. Very rare on the coast of Spain, but it is not impossible to come across one. In reality, very few shark species are dangerous to people and far more are killed by people than vice versa.